Surgical Metabolism and Nutrition : eISSN 2465-8383 / pISSN 2233-5765

Table. 2.

Table. 2.

Univariate Cox proportional hazard regression analysis for prolonged ICU stay after abdominal surgery (n=119)

 Characteristics ICU stay≤4 days (n=68) ICU stay>4 days (n=51) P-value
Patient factors
 Age (year) 61.7±13.4 59.5±10.8 0.333
 Sex (M/F) 45/23 30/21 0.447
 BMI 63.6±10.3 65.4±12.9 0.307
 Diagnosis
  Upper GI 30 (44.1) 8 (15.7) 0.001
  Lower GI 8 (11.8) 4 (7.8) 0.482
  Non-GI 30 (44.1) 39 (76.5) <0.001
 APACHE II* 11.9±4.9 13.3±4.6 0.104
 ASA class
  I 7 (10.3) 3 (5.9) 0.513
  II 50 (73.5) 11 (43.1) 0.001
  III 11 (16.2) 24 (47.1) <0.001
  IV 0 (0) 2 (3.9) 0.182
 Charlson morbidity index 5.1±2.8 5.9±2.6 0.108
 SGA
  A 49 (72.1) 24 (47.1) 0.006
  B 14 (20.6) 21 (41.2) 0.015
  C 5 (7.4) 6 (11.8) 0.526
 SOFA§ 2.6±2.1 5.3±2.6 <0.001
 Modified NUTRIC 3.1±1.3 3.6±1.3 0.046
 Ventilator status 2 (2.9) 14 (27.5) <0.001
 Dialysis status 3 (4.4) 13 (25.5) 0.001
 Type of surgery
  Upper GI 32 (47.1) 6 (12.0) <0.001
  Lower GI 6 (8.8) 4 (7.8) 1.000
  Non-GI 30 (44.1) 41 (82.0) <0.001
Laboratory parameters
 Total protein (g/dL) 5.2±0.9 4.4±0.8 <0.001
 Albumin (g/dL) 3±0.6 2.7±0.5 0.002
 Prealbumin (mg/dL) 16.6±5.8 14.6±4.9 0.128
 Transferrin (mg/dL) 171.4±48.8 136.6±34.8 <0.001
 Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 132.3±40.2 111.9±51.5 0.034
 Triglyceride (mg/dL) 98.7±56.8 84.9±81.8 0.341
 HDL-cholesterol (mg/dL) 33.4±13.6 30.1±13.7 0.270
 LDL-cholesterol (mg/dL) 71.9±29.9 65.2±29.9 0.331
 WBC count (109/L) 14.1±6 13.9±7.1 0.851
 Lymphocytes (%) 10.1±7.4 7.8±6.6 0.086
 Total lymphocyte count (/µL) 1335±1147.8 941.1±901.6 0.038
 Neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio 18±12.3 17.3±12.3 0.881
Intraoperative factors
 Intraoperative transfusion (cc) 234.5±482.4 2422.4±2851.9 <0.001
 Estimated blood loss (cc) 671.8±1505.7 2750.2±4079.6 0.001
 Operative time (min) 267.7±120 455.5±234.1 <0.001

Acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II;

American Society of Anesthesiologists classification;

Subjective global assessment;

Sequential organ failure assessment;

Modified nutrition risk in critically ill.

Surg Metab Nutr 2018;9:68-74 https://doi.org/10.18858/smn.2018.9.2.68
© 2018 Surg Metab Nutr